Congratulations! Your business has grown and it's time to hire a new employee! You're excited about filling a need in your business and giving someone an opportunity. It's all good, right?
If you are like many, hiring the right employee is essential. You know it is a very important task, but knowing what you "can and can not" ask during an interview is scary.
The Department of Labor mandates laws which America's workers, employers, job seekers, and retirees must follow. Understanding and navigating these laws as they apply to employment is complex. The HR function is designed to implement an organization's human resource requirements effectively, taking into account federal, state and local labor laws and regulations. Ethical business practices and the ability to maximize employee motivation, commitment and productivity while complying with these laws is essential.
Navigating this process is yet another story. There are numerous state laws and regulations that also apply. The old adage, "ignorance of the law is no excuse" applies here. The HR professional studies these laws and applies them to varying situations. Let me give you an example of what laws you must follow to hire an employee:
First off, the regulating body here is EEOC which stands for Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Under EEOC guidelines an employer can not discriminate based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, or disability. The following laws all apply:
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII)
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 (EPA)
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA)
Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)
Sections 102 and 103 of the Civil Rights Act of 1991
Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
The Genetic Information Nondrimination Act of 2008 (GINA)
This is just one simple task a business owner is faced with. Imagine the magnitude of laws he / she must follow to run a business. Daunting, huh?
For this reason you should engage an HR professional. The HR professional knows and understands what is required to hire high-quality employees. They will provide you with guidance to avoid paying large fines for non-compliance of the laws. What other challenges are you facing when it comes time to hire? Do you have questions or need help navigating the hiring process? We care and want to hear from you about these challenges.
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Nancy L Dube