The Outrageous Truth Behind Popular Japanese Expressions!



Learn Japanese Easily! “That is outrageous!” I’ll bet you’ve said this phrase more than a few times in your life. And, there will be plenty of times when you want to say this phrase in Japanese. There are more phrases you’ll want to pick up, too. How about discussing success that came after a whole lot of trial and error? There is a Japanese phrase you can use to describe that as well. This Yojijukugo Japanese article introduces you to two popular Japanese phrases along with their numerous uses and fascinating history. Learn all about the phrase wa gongodoodan da (you’ll need this when someone does something outrageous). You’ll also master the phrase shikoosakugo suru (“to learn by mistake”). Picking up Japanese phrases is the best way to perfect your Japanese. Don’t miss this article because it will help you do just that!

Vocabulary: In this article, you’ll learn the following words and phrases:

 gongodoodan – “outrageous”

 shikoo sakugo – “trial and error”

 Grammar: In this article, you’ll learn the following words and phrases:

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Today’s Yojijukugo 1:

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Roomaji / “Meaning”

gongodoodan / “outrageous”

Roomaji:First Kanji / Second Kanji / Third Kanji / Fourth Kanji

Gon / Go / Doo / Dan

The first Kanji means “say,” and is followed by the second Kanji meaning, “word.” The third and fourth Kanji mean, “roadway” and “severance,” respectively.

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History, Definition, Similar Expressions, etc.

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Gongo means “to say something.” Doodan means “to have a way cut off.” Gongodoodan means that “something is too terrible to put into words.” This expression originated from the Buddhist word meaning that “the truth of Buddhism is too profound to explain in words.”

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Usage

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When someone does something terrible, you can say, wa gongodoodan da or nante gongodoodan da. Also, you can use it to modify a noun with the particle no or na, as in [gongodoodan no] + [noun] or [gongodoodan na] + [noun]. In this case, the noun is usually generic and indicates an action, such as kooi, which means “act” or hanzai, which means “crime.”

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Sample Sentences

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  1. Kanningu wa gongodoodan da.
    “Cheating on an exam is outrageous.”

  2. Shuushoku no mensetsu ni chikoku suru nante, gongodoodan da.
    “Being late for a job interview is outrageous.”

  3. Inshu unten wa, gongodoodan no hanzai da.
    “Drunk driving is an outrageous crime.”

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Today’s Yojijukugo 2:

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Roomaji / “Meaning”

shikoo sakugo / “trial and error”

Roomaji:

First Kanji / Second Kanji / Third Kanji / Fourth Kanji

Shi / Koo / Saku / Go

The first Kanji means “try.” The second Kanji means “going.” the third and fourth Kanji mean “confused” and “error,” respectively.

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History, definition, similar expression,etc.

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Shikoo means “to try.” Sakugo means “to make mistakes.” Shikoo sakugo means “to approach success after learning from a lot of failures” or “to find out a solution by trial and error.”

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Usage

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We can use this phrase as the suru compound verb, shikoosakugo suru, which means “to learn by mistake.” When someone is successful after trial and error you can say, [someone] wa shikoosakugo shi nagara [something] o shita, or [someone] wa shikoosakugo shite [something] o shita.

We can also use it as a noun. You will often see expressions such as shikoosakugo ni yotte and shikoosakugo no kekka, which mean “by trial and error.”

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Sample Sentences

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  1. Kanojo wa, shikoosakugo shi nagara, atarashii menuu o tsukutta.
    “She developed a new menu by trial and error.”

  2. Watashi wa, shikoosakugo no kekka, jibun ni atta daietto hoo o mitsuketa.
    “I finally found a dieting method that works for me by trial and error.”

  3. Kosodate wa shikoosakugo no renzoku da.
    “Raising kids is a continuous process of trial and error.”

 

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Peter Galante



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