As people start approaching their 40-something years, they may begin to notice dark patches of skin on their face. If present, these spots may be evidence of hyper pigmentation issues. Although it's often harmless, for many, it's a facial imperfection that they want gone.
Uneven pigmentation can appear in the form of age spots, freckles, or even in some cases, a larger area on the face.
For the most part, the culprit is sun damage.
Hyper pigmentation is caused by a surge of melanin – this element in the body creates skin tone color. When ultraviolet rays penetrate the skin, melanin is produced at a faster rate. This physiological happening occurs so the skin can protect itself from further sun damage.
While some may think there is no relief in sight, there are some reliable pathways to erase uneven pigmentation. But it's important to understand that there is no overnight solution. Generally, treatment takes time and is ongoing.
Hydroquinone, by far, has shown the greatest results in skin pigmentation challenges. But before adding this agent to a skincare regimen one must first consult with their skin care professional.
Retinol is also used to fight hyper pigmentation. Premier retinol products can also offer a potent 1 percent retinol along with vitamin C and peptides offering a multitude of benefits.
It's important to note that hyper pigmentation products suppress melanin production. Patience is needed because it typically takes 8 to 12 weeks to see some success. And when following product instructions the pigmentation improvements can be quite tremendous.
If one stops using the product upon their own discretion and not that of their skin care professional, then please be advised that the dark spots and freckles will likely reappear once again. Remember, these products are treatments.
Other ways to help ease pigmentation correction may also include peels, microdermabrasions and vitamin A. For those sensitive to hydroquinone, licorice extract, kojic acid and azelaic acid may also be an alternative. These skin brighteners get better penetration and enhancement when coupled with a glycolic acid.
But if sensitivity is not an issue, do place hydroquinone at the top of a treatment list.
It's also important to mention that hyper pigmentation may also be based on genetics and menopause. But as mentioned before, sun exposure is definitely the number one factor behind it.
To stay on top of a corrective pigmentation treatment regimen, remember to always apply and reapply sunscreen with a high SPF to prevent further sun damage.
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